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College-University MIS professionals help firms realize maximum benefit from investment in personnel, equipment, and business processes. MIS is a people-oriented field with an emphasis on service through technology. If you have an interest in technology and have the desire to use technology to improve peoples lives, a degree in MIS may be for you. Specifically, MIS places distinct emphasis on the three core facets through which an organization processes information – people, processes, and information technologies. Accordingly, students who enroll in the MIS program learn to design, build, implement, and manage information systems that will support the information processing needs of an organization The program is oriented toward the design of systems that will improve an organization’s operational efficiency, add value to existing products, engender innovation and new product development, enhance or add new features to distribution channels and other elements of commercial systems, support collaboration of distributed teams, and help managers make better decisions. Typically, this focus involves the use of advanced information and communications technologies. Businesses use information systems at all levels of operation to collect, process and store data. Management aggregates and disseminates this data in the form of information needed to carry out the daily operations of business. Everyone who works in business, from someone who pays the bills to the person who makes employment decisions, uses information systems. A car dealership could use a computer database to keep track of which products sell best. A retail store might use a computer-based information system to sell products over the Internet. In fact, many (if not most) businesses concentrate on the alignment of MIS with business goals to achieve competitive advantage over other businesses. MIS professionals create information systems for data management (i.e., storing, searching and analyzing data). In addition, they manage various information systems to meet the needs of managers, staff and customers. By working collaboratively with various members of their work group, as well as with their customers and clients, MIS professionals are able to play a key role in areas such as information security, integration and exchange. As an MIS major, you will learn to design, implement and use business information systems in innovative ways to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of your company. Computer science focuses on the technology itself and less on its business application. MIS professionals apply technology to business needs. MIS and computer science courses may seem similar but there are major differences in their content and how they are taught. Computer science students take courses that will help them better understand technology, like math and physics classes. MIS students take courses that will help them understand business problems, like accounting and marketing. Neither one is better than the other theyre just different. The scope in various sector are in banking sector, in airlines, in education sector, marketing, hotel management, stock exchange etc. The Purpose and Scope of MIS Management Information Systems can be defined as ‘The combination of human and computer based resources that results in the collection, storage, retrieval, communication and use of data for the purpose of efficient management of operations and for business planning’. Source: Kelly Management Information Systems are primarily concerned with the delivery of information (both internal and external) to organizational members from the shop floor workers to the management. The purpose of MIS is to help the smooth running of the business by providing information on the firms data (such as accounting figures) employees from different levels will then evaluate this information so that decisions can be made to ensure that the business remains competitive and successful. Management Information System related to economics, management, operations research, statistics, computer science, and many other subjects. Until now, there are many meanings of management information system. I will give you the meaning which was often used. MIS is a people-driven integrated man-machine system. It uses computer hardware, software, network communications equipment and other office Equipment to collect, transmits, process, storage, maintenance and updates the information, in order to improve effectiveness and efficiency on supporting the corporations to make decision on grass-roots operations, middle-level control and high-level decision-making. Data: Must be accurate, subject to its cost and timescale for capture and it should be stored in the most logical way. People: People involved both in capturing the data and in utilizing the information. Hardware: In small organization, the MIS may run on just the sales or the finance PC. In large organization, it usually runs on a server, shared or dedicated, with internet or intranet access for those who used it. It is unusual to required specialized hardware. Software: The simplest MIS can be built using standard software. However the most MIS use specialized software. The developer configure the software by developing the database and its structure, where the data come from ,how to summarize the data and what standard queries will be required. The cost of the software varies widely. The cheapest offers limited function for one PC. The most expensive is highly functional, providing high performance and may feature for hundreds or thousands of users and vast amounts of data. Telecommunication: MIS may be delivered across the internet, and according to this they need some of security .And many MIS are delivered across an intranet within a company’s firewall for protection from competitors and other seeking this valuable management information. Occasionally, a dedicated telecommunication network is used to provide the highest security. MIS provides key advantages are It Facilitates planning: MIS improves the quality of plants by providing relevant information for sound decision making. Due to increase in the size and complexity of organizations, managers have lost personal contact with the scene of operations. In Minimizes information overload: MIS change the larger amount of data in to summarize form and there by avoids the confusion which may arise when managers are flooded with detailed facts. MIS Encourages Decentralization: Decentralization of authority is possibly when there is a system for monitoring operations at lower levels. MIS is successfully used for measuring performance and making necessary change in the organizational plans and procedures. It brings Coordination: MIS facilities integration of specialized activities by keeping each department aware of the problem and requirements of other departments. It connects all decision centers in the organization. It makes control easier: MIS serves as a link between managerial planning and control. It improves the ability of management to evaluate and improve performance. The used computers has increased the data processing and storage capabilities and reduced the cost. MIS assembles, process, stores, Retrieves, evaluates and disseminates the information. About the Author: 相关的主题文章: