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Wang Jianxun the limited government thought of the American founding fathers out of date-www.xunbo.cc

Wang Jianxun: the limited government thought of the American founding fathers out of date? [Abstract] one of the major differences between the Federation and confederacy is that it is built on the basis of individual citizens, that is to say, it is the object of personal rule, rather than the states or states. The author: Wang Jianxun (associate professor at the China University of Political Science and Law) some time ago, "Federalist Papers" the fire for a while, at least it is the title of. At that time, there have been many comments on the mass media, although there is no lack of high perspicacity, but there are also some misreading and misunderstanding, some are very outrageous, worth a few nagging. The federal government and central government the first misunderstanding is that the new government will "Federalist Papers" or the founders in 1787 to establish, as the central government. This is a great misunderstanding. The reason for this is probably because of misunderstanding, the United States was from the Confederation to federal, from a relatively loose government towards a more powerful government, from an inefficient government towards a more dynamic government. The intention of the founders, or that the essence of "Federalist Papers", not to establish a centralized government. To understand this, need to understand the difference between three different regimes, namely the Confederation, federal, centralized (single or universal) the difference between the three. Simply speaking, the United States is between the Confederate States, is an alliance between the States, have full sovereignty, Confederate government rule object is the state. The Confederation is a loose alliance, the history between China and the alliance are the nature of the regime, the League of nations and the United Nations also belongs to this category. The United States government between 1781-1789, is a typical Confederation, it is marked by the "confederation Regulations" as its constitution. The Confederate government not only the legislature, law enforcement and judicial organs, no president and Confederate court. The fundamental flaw of this regime is that if states fail to fulfill their obligations, such as paying taxes, they can only resort to force to resolve the law and settle disputes through peaceful means. In fact, strictly speaking, not a confederate government, but the joint between a government. The founders are not satisfied, for such a regime or that recognize this regime cannot be free and safe to protect them over the British Empire so they decided to abandon the Confederacy, set up a federal government. One of the major differences between the Federation and confederacy is that it is built on the basis of individual citizens, that is to say, it is the object of personal rule, rather than the states or states. In the federal system, the federal government and state governments to share sovereignty, the federal government has its own legislative, administrative and judicial bodies. In this sense, the federal government state linked more closely than the federal government regime, more powerful, more vibrant. However, we must not infer that the federal government is a centralized government, they are two completely different types of government. Centralized government, also can be called "single system" or "unified government", one of the fundamental differences between the federal government and is the former by the central government monopoly of sovereignty, the power of local government from the authority of the central government, or to say.相关的主题文章:

China ” 60 after ” general promotion will be U.S. media commented the future of the-darren hayes

Chinese " 60 "   generals will be promoted; the U.S. media comment: Chinese army is the future of Fujian channel — people.com.cn original title: light China " 60 " the PLA generals promoted progressively younger data figure: when news recommendation:   (commissioning editor: Yao Luying, Zhang Zijian)相关的主题文章:

Seoul won the League thanks to coach cuilong Zhu Chan Su Ning can dominate the super sports – Sohu-www.replays.net

Seoul won the League thanks to coach cuilong Zhu Chan Su Ning can dominate the super – Sohu sports media screenshot   Beijing on November 10th news, Seoul FC team in the final round of a dramatic victory over Jeonbuk Hyundai, a South Korea K league championship this season, coach Huang Shanhong was elected by a professional sports journalist of the year vote the best coach award". He said Seoul can win the championship, the former coach cuilong Zhu merit greater "this award should take by Cui coach", and said the battle all North by cuilong Zhu guidance. South Korean media said in an interview with Huang Shanhong the day before, "I feel in the League final, the best command. In fact, Seoul can win the championship, all the players did not give up till the end of the fighting spirit and hard work, the former coach cuilong Zhu also great merit." K League this year, Cui Kangxi led the Jeonbuk Hyundai has been in the League lead position, but because the scouts in the 2013 season bribe the referee event, North Korea Football Association was deducted 9 points in the end of 9, the rest of the 6 round of the competition, and ranked second in Seoul FC the gap from 14 points down to 5 points. In the final round before the game, Seoul and the north with 67 points, the two teams battle way by direct separation of the outcome, with a 1-0 win over North Seoul at the top of the league. This year, the middle of the season, former Seoul coach cuilong Zhu lightning joined super Jiangsu Suning, after Huang Shanhong took over the team quickly adjusted to stabilize the morale of the troops, not only led the team to win the league, also made into the Korean FA Cup finals and semi-finals of the AFC Champions League success. Korean media so metaphorically, "champions by cuilong Zhu created, Huang Shanhong completed a final." Asked whether Seoul can win the championship, whose contribution is the largest, Huang Shanhong did not hesitate to answer: "in addition to the players, of course, is cuilong zhu!" Huang Shanhong said, the final round of the League against the north, and as far as the China had cuilong Zhu call talk: "he can strongly feel for Seoul’s love, we chatted for a long time. Of course, this game can win the whole North, my strategy is also very effective implementation." Huang Shanhong in the past and cuilong Zhu is South Korea’s national team, with the transformation of two retired coaches have always maintained a good relationship. Huang Shanhong praised the cuilong Zhu hand to build a strong fighting force of the Seoul team now, "I will not forget this year in the Seoul team AFC Champions League defeat will be back next year." His words can not conceal his admiration for cuilong Zhu, said he was optimistic about the latter can lead the Jiangsu Suning hegemony in: "if we meet in the field of AFC Champions League, each other will not hesitate, will try to beat the opponent!" (Mai Yuan)相关的主题文章:

Liaoning 11 cities to complete the Party committee a new party secretary to determine – Liaon-www.51zxw.net

Liaoning 11 cities to complete the Party committee   a new party secretary to determine – Liaoning Channel – People’s network, Shenyang, September (Xinhua Tang Long, Jiang Shan) this morning, the completion of the work of the Party committee of the city of. 29, 2009, the city of Liaoning on the same day to complete the work of the Party committee of the general assembly of the 9. 28, Liaoyang, the first to complete the work of the party committee. So far, a total of 11 cities in Liaoning to complete the Party committee, the new secretary of the party in the new, doctoral degree of 3 people in the city of. Age, after 60 to become the backbone, after the 2, after 60, 8, after the 1 of the 50 people. Among them, the Liaoyang municipal Party committee secretary Wang Fengbo, Jinzhou municipal Party committee secretary Wang Mingyu, Fuxin municipal Party committee secretary of the Party committee secretary, Chaoyang municipal Party committee secretary, Secretary of state for re-election for the second time, mr.. Zhao Changfu was elected secretary of the CPC Yingkou Municipal Committee of the CPC Yingkou city the morning of September 30th, the first plenary session of the twelfth committee election, Zhao Changfu was elected as party secretary, Yu Gongbin Wu Shaowei, was elected Deputy Secretary of the municipal Party committee; the meeting adopted the City Commission for Discipline Inspection of the first twelfth plenary meeting election results. Zhao Changfu, male, Han nationality, born in January 1961, joined the Communist Party of China in July 1982, in August 1983 to work, university degree, Bachelor of engineering. Served as Deputy Secretary of the Communist Youth League, Dandong municipal Party members, the Communist Youth League Secretary of the Dandong Municipal Committee, Party members, deputy secretary of the Fengcheng Municipal Committee, deputy secretary of Fengcheng Municipal Committee, municipal people’s Government on behalf of the mayor, vice mayor of Fengcheng Municipal Committee, municipal people’s government, the Fengcheng municipal Party committee secretary, director of the Fengcheng municipal Party committee secretary of the NPC Standing Committee, vice mayor of Dandong Municipal People’s government, vice the mayor of Dandong municipal Party committee, municipal government. In 2009 03 months at the Liaoning provincial Environmental Protection Bureau deputy director, Party members; in 2012 09 months at the Liaoning provincial Environmental Protection Bureau deputy director, deputy secretary of the party; in December 2013 the Liaoning provincial Environmental Protection Bureau deputy director, deputy party secretary of Liaoning Province, Dahuofang water source protection zone management committee office director, Party Secretary (department level October 2015); he served as Deputy Secretary of Liaoning Province, Yingkou Municipal Committee, municipal people’s Government on behalf of the mayor, party secretary; in 2016 01 he served as Deputy Secretary of Liaoning Province, Yingkou Municipal Committee, mayor, Party Secretary of the Municipal People’s government. Sun was selected a total of Anshan municipal Party committee in September 29th, the twelfth plenary session of the CPC Anshan Municipal Committee of the first plenary session of the election of Sun Guoxiang as party secretary, Zhao Aijun, deputy secretary of the Municipal Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC), the Communist Party of China (CPC), the Secretary General of the Municipal Committee of the CPC Municipal committee. The first plenary meeting of the twelfth session of the Anshan Municipal Commission for Discipline Inspection of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Cui Long was elected secretary of the Municipal Commission for Discipline inspection. Sun Guoxiang, male, Han nationality, Liaoning Donggang. Born in February 1965, in 1985 to participate in the work, in 1985 joined the Communist Party of China, Dongbei University of Finance and Economics graduate degree, doctoral degree. Served as Deputy Secretary of Dandong Municipal Committee of Communist Youth League Youth chairman, deputy secretary of the Communist Youth League of Liaoning. Deputy secretary, vice chairman of the 1996.05 Liaoning Provincial Youth Federation 2002.11 Communist Youth League Secretary of the Liaoning Provincial Committee, vice chairman of Provincial Youth Federation 2003.03 Communist Youth Chinese Fu Liaoning provincial Party committee, the Provincial Youth Federation Chairman of the 2008.02 Panjin municipal Party committee, municipal government deputy mayor, acting mayor of Panjin city in 2009.01)相关的主题文章:

Fund managers Nuggets structural market-www.cpew.cn

Fund managers Nuggets structured market Sina fund exposure platform: letter Phi lag false propaganda, long-term performance is lower than similar products, how to buy funds pit? Click [I want to complain], Sina help you expose them! Reporter Li Liang – the Shanghai Composite Index near 3000 points, A shares within a narrow range, hot spots scattered and difficult to continue, so that investment fund managers the difficult choices. In this context, many fund managers pay more attention to the depth of mining "structural" market, tries to in-depth study by industry and stock performance, find the relative uncertainty of higher stock key configuration, as much as possible to obtain excess returns. Everbright Baode letter of new impetus to the industry’s flexible configuration hybrid fund aspiring fund manager Tian Dawei pointed out that the current role of Merrill Lynch Investment clock in the weakening of the investment needs new thinking. Baode Everbright Investment research team has been keen to observe new power industry mainly from the back end market, supply contraction and stock substitution, efficiency growth way, the company will use the power of outstanding talent shows itself will also fund investment, create opportunities. Hard to break the pattern of repeated shocks index rangebound, so fund managers through market operation to obtain income becomes difficult, fund managers and even the current market trend is described as "chicken ribs" market. Tian Dawei said that the stock market trend can be divided into two stages: the first phase is expected to promote the reform and liquidity ample; the second stage is to enhance the performance of listed companies to promote. At present, the stock market in China convergence at the first stage and the second stage, prone to "lean" type of shocks, especially with some leveraged funds, short tools, shock will be magnified, the confidence of the market needs time to recover. "The first stage and the second stage of the convergence process may be long. This process depends on its economic policy to adjust the temperature and toughness, strength, the external economic environment." The reform drive Fortis fund manager Zhou Xuejun said that this year, A shares trend can be "sustained concussion" to summarize: easing the financial side, interest rates down, asset shortage, CPI modest rebound factors such as a supporting role to market; supply side reforms to improve the supply structure of traditional industries, the relevant corporate profits have improved; on the other hand, after last year’s bull market, many growth stocks, the transformation of economic growth in the valuation bubble, there are some worries, restricting the index further upward. He believes that the next one or two months, the structure of the stock market volatility is difficult to break the pattern of differentiation. Looking for structural opportunities to shock the city to obtain income more difficult, so that fund managers are increasingly concerned about the structure of the hidden investment opportunities. Tian Dawei believes that the current can be identified is relatively ample liquidity, so the market structure of many opportunities, such as the back end of the car market, supply side reform, SOE reform, etc.. China and the United States health care fund aspiring fund manager Glenn will structure locked in the health care industry. Wang pointed out that in the healthcare industry, concern innovation, export, medical service, health industry four small molecular field, especially in innovation and export, industrial upgrade has already begun, related to the company on相关的主题文章: